Winston Churchill’s Cabinet War Rooms

The Churchill War Rooms in London
Churchill War Rooms map

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Address:
Churchill War Rooms, Clive Steps, King Charles Street, WestminsterSW1A 2AQ
Tel:
Work 0207 930 6961
Web:
iwm.org.uk

Opening times and price

Opening hours:
9.30 AM to 6 PM (Mon-Sun); Last entry 1 hour before closing
Ticket cost:
Adults £19.00; Children £9.50 (5–15); Infants free entry (under-5); Family ticket £49.90
Visiting hours and entry charges are subject to change
Time required:
A typical visit to Churchill War Rooms lasts 2½3 hours (approx)

Getting to Churchill War Rooms

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Buses:
3, 11, 12, 24, 53, 87, 88, 109, 148, 159, 184, 211, 453
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Trains:
St. James’s Park CRC DSC, Westminster CRC DSC JUB
The nearest train station to Churchill War Rooms is Westminster
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Churchill War Rooms Easy to get to? Good for kids? Value for money? Worth a visit? 303

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Craig recommends… Here’s my latest Churchill War Rooms review. If you’re interested in the Second World War then don’t miss the Imperial War Museum. The World War II battlecruiser HMS Belfast is also worth a visit. The RAF Museum has a great collection of Battle of Britain-era planes, and you can see where they cracked the Enigma codes at Bletchley Park. You might like to look at our page of military attractions in London.

The Churchill War Rooms are No.5 in our list of London’s best museums.

History of the Churchill War Rooms

The Churchill War Rooms in Whitehall

The Churchill War Rooms (aka. the Cabinet War Rooms) gave the British government a safe place to direct the war during the dark days of World War II. Safe in their underground rooms beneath London’s Whitehall, they met and slept in bunkers to plan Hitler’s defeat.

The War Rooms are only ten feet beneath London, spreading out beneath the Treasury, Horse Guards and Downing Street. They stretch over an area of three acres, and originally included a shooting range (for when the Germans invaded), a canteen and hospital. The vast majority of the rooms are still closed to the public, and tickets for the tour are limited to those involved in wartime planning.

Cabinet War Room

The warren of corridors are rather narrow, but the rooms have been shorn of their doors so you can get a good look inside. As you stroll around the complex you’ll hear the atmospheric sounds of falling bombs, air-raid sirens, and hurried steps clanging up the metal stairs.

Map Room at the Cabinet War Room

Cabinet rooms under Whitehall

The Cabinet Room was where Churchill met his Chiefs of Staff. The room has been festooned with the original papers strewn across the tabletops to get a feeling for the atmosphere.

The Map Room was perhaps the most important room in the entire complex. You can still see the original pin-riddled charts on the wall – the same ones they were looking at when the war was won. The Map Room was closed down immediately after VE day, and has remained undisturbed ever since.

Transatlantic Telephone Room

The Transatlantic Telephone Room was how the British government kept in touch with Washington. The room seems remarkably small and cramped nowadays, and that’s because it was – it used to be a broom cupboard!

The top-secret telephone inside was codenamed Sigsaly, and had a scrambler located in the basement of Selfridges in Oxford Street, which enabled Churchill to talk to President Roosevelt in complete privacy.

Winston Churchill’s bedroom in the Churchill War Rooms

The Prime Minister’s Room was where Winston Churchill made his famous radio broadcasts to the nation. He frequently slept inside it when bombing raids made it too dangerous to stay in No.10 Downing Street. You can still see his original bed, desk and troop maps pinned to the wall. You can even seen one of his famous cigars on the bedside table.

The Churchill Museum, at the Churchill War Rooms

Winston Churchill Museum

A visit to the Churchill War Rooms also includes the Churchill Museum – the biggest collection of Churchill memorabilia in Britain. You’ll also hear snippets of his famous speeches and see many of his clothes and personal effects – including his bowler hat and handgun.

Craig’s review of the Churchill War Rooms

This review originally appeared in his London blog

I went to the Churchill War Rooms today and it was pretty good. I thought it was going to be deep underground like a concrete bunker, ten miles down, reinforced with steel to withstand an atomic bomb. But no, it was nothing like that. It was literally just ten steps down from the street. It seemed to be housed in the basement of a big building in Whitehall, and probably stretches right under Downing Street. If Hitler aimed his bombs a bit better I’m sure he could have landed one on Churchill’s head.

Inside the Churchill War Rooms

They give you one of those big listening devices when you go in that looks like a 1980s mobile phone. I don’t usually bother listening to those things but the commentary wasn’t bad. You can hear stuff like falling bombs and sirens wailing, and the day-to-day bustle of people going about their business. Every time you pass a room there is a number on the wall and you have to type it into this big phone to get the commentary. They tell you about what went on there, what all the stuff is that you can see, and even a few diary readings from the people who did the job.

Inside the Cabinet War Rooms

It’s quite atmospheric down there and it’s easy to imagine what it must have been like because the corridors are cramped and the ceilings are low, the lights are barely lit. It must have been pretty dark and smokey, judging by all the 1940s fag packets on the tables. These days they’d probably make you stand outside in the street if you wanted a puff, even whilst the bombs were falling. But judging by the amount of ashtrays on the desks down there everyone was puffing like a steam train.

One of the rooms inside the Churchill War Rooms

The first room you come to is the best of the lot: the War Cabinet Room. It’s got the table and chairs around which the big man sat, with all his bigwigs and military men. Winston’s seat is in the middle and the rest are right on top of him – two-feet from his face.

Visiting the Churchill War Rooms tour

It’s very cramped down there. You’ve probably got the twenty most important people in London sitting in twenty square-feet. They play you a dramatised transcript of one of the meetings so you can hear what went on. It’s quite amusing to hear Churchill pretending to be deaf to fob off someone’s arguments.

Then you go past the secret telephone scrambler room, which was cunningly disguised as the Prime Minister’s personal toilet. It’s even has one of those ’engaged’ locks on the door to keep people out. I wonder what people thought when he came out two hours later.

Inside the Winston Churchill Museum

After that you have to make a detour through the Churchill Museum, which is basically just one big room with lots of cabinets and push-button TV screens. They’ve got all the obvious stuff in there like his bowler hat and cigar , and his Dirty Harry style handgun (it’s about a foot long!). They’ve got some of his paintings as well. Luckily for us he was better at politics than he was at painting. You can listen to his speeches and watch a movie of his State Funeral if you want. I just used that as an excuse to sit down, to be honest, but it was quite interesting to see people like Atlee (I think it was Atlee) in the 1960s, shuffling up the steps of St. Paul’s to pay his respects.

Map Room at the Churchill War Rooms

After the museum you go back on the tour and see the kitchen and bedrooms. Let me be honest: if I paid to stay in a hotel with bedrooms like that I would have left after ten minutes. There’s no luxury in the War Rooms at all. Winston’s bedroom is about the size of my bathroom. You can see all of his battle maps on the wall and a cigar by his bed (who takes a cigar to bed?).

Chief of Staff’s Conference Room

His wife’s room is a bit nicer, with a pink bedspread and a pretty cup and saucer. He certainly knew how to woo the ladies.

After that you come to the Chief of Staff’s Conference Room and the Map Room. They are decked out with military maps and telephones, plus and some waxwork soldiers acting out their roles, so it looks as if the staff are still going about their business.

It’s definitely worth a visit – as long as you don’t mind sharing the dark and dusty concrete corridors with a load of old men reliving their youth.

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  • peter – “This is a top notch day out! I was amazed at how unsafe the place was. These days they would probably be in a nuclear bomb proof bunker a mile under ground, or buried inside a mountain. But back then all the had was some concrete walls in the basement of the foreign office. It wasn't bomb proof at all! One bomb in the right place and they would all have been dead for sure. But that it makes it all the more remarkable because you can imagine them walking ar… more”

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If you enjoy this then try: HMS Belfast (catch the tube from Westminster to HMS Belfast) and National Army Museum (catch the tube from Westminster to National Army Museum).

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