London’s Barbican Centre was erected in the 1960s and is home to numerous cultural exhibitions, art galleries and theatres. It also has residential flats, conference facilities and a shopping centre.
The Barbican takes its name from the ancient fortifications that used to surround the City. (A barbican is a watchtower that hangs upon a gate.) It remained an upper-class part of town for much of the 17th-century, but by Victorian times the working class had taken over.
Due to its proximity to the docks, it suffered plenty of punishing raids in the Blitz – German bombs demolished a third of the buildings. When the armistice came in 1945 the area north of St. Paul’s resembled a square mile of rubble. The high cost of reconstruction work delayed the diggers for a decade, and it wasn’t completed until 1982.
The resulting wash of concrete has been much derided down the years, but the original plans were of considerable note. They planned 2,000 apartments for 6,500 people – some in tower blocks over 400-foot high (the tallest in Europe at the time). They also included a Museum of London, the Guildhall School of Music, and a fully-featured arts centre.
Very few of the finished buildings are pleasing to the eye – the complex is deathly grey and cramped, and it’s all too easy to get lost in a dreary world of concrete constructs.
The ugly Barbican redeems itself when it comes to culture. The Museum of London has its buildings in the grounds, and you can catch concerts by the London Symphony Orchestra. A lively set of jazz, classical and contemporary pieces are played in the 2,000-seater concert hall.
Contemporary art displays are held in The Curve, and the gallery on Level 3, and art-house movies are screened in the art centre’s three cinemas. They even have some stage-plays and shows in the Barbican Theatre.
Tucked away amongst the block solid walls is St. Giles Cripplegate. It is one of the very few churches to survive both the Great Fire in 1666 and the Luftwaffe’s bombs.
It is the jewel in the Barbican Centre’s concrete crown: Oliver Cromwell was married here in 1620, and the grave of poet John Milton is hidden in the crypt.
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Macbeth - Niamh Cusack & Christopher Eccleston to Barbican Centre Barbican
Shakespeare's Romeo & Juliet to Barbican Centre Barbican
Shostakovich, Richard Strauss and Alban Berg Barbican Centre Barbican
Shakespeare's Merry Wives of Windsor to Barbican Centre Barbican
Brian Cox — talking about AI Barbican Centre Barbican
Stravinsky, Szymanowski, Bartok, Bernstein and Golijov Barbican Centre Barbican
Nigel Kennedy and the BBC SO at Barbican Hall Barbican Centre Barbican
Sir Simon Rattle -- Debussy, Brahms and Enescu to Barbican Centre Barbican
Berlioz's L'Enfance du Christ -- at Barbican Hall Barbican Centre Barbican
Britten Sinfonia, playing Handel's Messiah Barbican Centre Barbican
An Evening of Christmas Classics, at the Barbican Barbican Centre Barbican
The Glory of Christmas -- at Barbican Hall Barbican Centre Barbican
Have a Jingle Bell Christmas at the Barbican Barbican Centre Barbican
Carols by Candlelight -- Mozart Festival Orchestra Barbican Centre Barbican
Sir Simon Rattle -- Sibelius and Hans Abrahamsen Barbican Centre Barbican
Sir Simon Rattle -- Sibelius, Nielsen, Abrahamsen Barbican Centre Barbican
Britten Sinfonia playing Delius, Mahler and Brahms Barbican Centre Barbican
BBC SO, playing Beethoven and Schoenberg Barbican Centre Barbican
BBC SO playing Schumann, Brahms and Causton Barbican Centre Barbican
BBC SO playing JS Bach's Mass in B Minor Barbican Centre Barbican
If you enjoy this then try: Barbican Hall (you can walk there in less than 1 min); Cadogan Hall (catch the tube from Barbican to Sloane Square); Royal Albert Hall (catch the tube from Barbican to South Kensington); Royal Festival Hall (walk it in 28 mins or catch a train from Barbican to Waterloo) and Royal Opera House (walk it in 26 mins or catch a train from Barbican to Covent Garden).