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Which are the 10 most historic sites in London? Which monuments and historical sites should you definitely not miss? Here is a list of the 10 best places that every visitor should try and see.
The Tower of London is one of London’s four World Heritage sites, and dates all the way back to the reign of William the Conqueror in the 11th-century. It was built up bit-by-bit by some of England’s greatest kings, and is famous for Traitor’s Gate and Tower Green, where two of Henry VIII’s wives lost their heads. Opening times: 9 AM to 5.30 PM (Tue-Sat, Mar-Oct); 10 AM to 5.30 PM (Sun-Mon, Mar-Oct); 9 AM to 4.30 PM (Tue-Sat, Nov-Feb); 10 AM to 4.30 PM (Sun-Mon, Nov-Feb). Cost: Adults £22.00; Children £11.00 (May-15); Infants free (under-5); Family ticket £59.00.
Westminster Abbey is another World Heritage Site, and is the setting for coronations, marriages, and the burial place of many of our most celebrated kings and queens. Pride of place goes to Edward the Confessor – the only English king to be made a saint. Opening times: Usually 9.30 AM to 3.30 PM (Thu-Tue); 9.30 AM to 6 PM (Wed); Only open for worship on Sundays. Cost: Adults £18.00; Children £8.00 (Nov-18); Infants free (under-16); Family ticket £44.00.
Westminster Hall is the oldest surviving part of the original Palace of Westminster, which pre-dates the current Houses of Parliament by 800 years. It was the site of many famous trials, including Charles I, William Wallace and Guy Fawkes. Opening times: House of Commons public gallery (when in session): 2.30 PM to 10.30 PM (Mon, Tue); 12:30 PM to 7.30 PM (Wed); 10.30 AM to 6.30 PM (Thu); 9.30 AM to 3 PM (Fri).
The Guildhall Art Gallery hides a nice surprise in the basement – the remains of London’s Roman amphitheatre! You can see the outline of its extent in the courtyard, as it’s marked out by a ring of dark grey bricks. Opening times: 10 AM to 5 PM (Mon-Sat); 12 noon to 4 PM (Sun). Cost: Free.
Greenwich is the third of London’s four World Heritage Sites, and is home to many important buildings – the Queen’s House (for its architecture), the Royal Observatory (for its contribution to science) and the Old Royal Naval College (for both its architecture and history).
Banqueting House was built by Inigo Jones in the early 17th-century, and is one of the few surviving parts of Whitehall Palace. It was also the site of Charles I’s execution after the English Civil War – one of the most dramatic moments in English history. Opening times: 10 AM to 5 PM (Mon-Sun). Cost: Adults £6.60; Children free (under-16).
Alhtough it was built by Sir Christopher Wren, The Monument is important not so much for what it is, but for what it represents – it marks the spot where the Great Fire of London broke out in 1666. Opening times: 9:30 AM to 6 PM (Mon-Sun, Apr-Sep); 9.30 AM to 5.30 PM (Mon-Sun, Oct-Mar). Cost: Adults £4.00; Children £2.00 (under-16).
Although heavily modified, Temple Church dates all the way back to 1185. It was originally built by a famous band of military monks – the Knights Templar – who made their money during the Crusades. Opening times: Usually 10 AM to 4 PM (Mon, Tue, Thu, Fri); 2 PM to 4 PM (Wed); Only open for worship on Sundays. Cost: Adults £4.00; Children free (under-18).
London Stone is a mysterious monument that may date back to Roman times. It has been mentioned numerous times throughout history, but no one really knows its original purpose.
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