London: A Visitor’s Guide
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> Big Ben
Everyone visiting London checks their watch against Big Ben – London’s famous clock face.
> Buckingham Palace
Buckingham Palace is the residence of Her Majesty the Queen. Watch the Changing of the Guard.
> City Hall
City Hall is home to the Greater London Authority, and is where the Mayor of London meets the London Assembly.
> Cleopatra’s Needle
Cleopatra’s Needle was carved for Pharaoh Tuthmose III. It stands on the Victoria Embankment.
> Downing Street
Number 10 Downing Street has been the traditional residence of the Prime Minister since 1731.
Harrods in Knightsbridge is one of the most famous—and expensive—shops in the world.
> Horse Guards
Horse Guards Parade is home to members of the Household Cavalry, and the Trooping of the Colour.
> Houses of Parliament
The Houses of Parliament, or the ‘Palace of Westminster’, is home to the British Government.
> Globe Theatre
London’s Globe Theatre is a perfect reconstruction of Shakespeare’s Elizabethan playhouse.
> Kensington Palace
Kensington Palace has been used by British royalty for centuries, and was home to Princess Di.
> Leicester Square
Leicester Square at night buzzes with people in the pubs, clubs and three huge cinemas.
> London Eye
The British Airways London Eye – or ‘Millennium Wheel’ – is the largest ferris wheel in the world.
> Marble Arch
Marble Arch was originally part of Buckingham Palace, before being moved to the end of Oxford Street.
The Monument remembers the deaths and damage caused by the Great Fire of London in 1666.
> O2 Arena
The largest single-roofed building in the world – tall enough to accommodate Nelson’s Column.
> Nelson’s Column
Nelson’s Column is topped by a statue 17-feet tall – slightly taller than three Lord Nelsons.
> Piccadilly Circus
The bright lights of Piccadilly Circus and the statue of Eros have become London landmarks.
> Royal Albert Hall
The Royal Albert Hall, famous for the Proms, was built to commemorate the death of Prince Albert.
> Royal Courts of Justice
The Royal Courts of Justice down the Strand try the country’s most high-profile civil cases.
> Royal Exchange
The Royal Exchange, near the Bank of England, is the poshest shopping arcade in the city.
> Royal Observatory
The Old Royal Observatory in Greenwich, London, marks the point where Greenwich Mean Time began.
> St. James’s Palace
St. James’s was built by Henry VIII, and has been home to some of England’s finest monarchs.
> St. Paul’s Cathedral
St. Paul’s Cathedral, built after the Great Fire in 1666, boasts the second largest dome in Europe.
> The Shard
The Shard is one of London’s newest landmarks, towering more than 1000ft above Southwark.
> Tower Bridge
Tower Bridge’s mock-medieval turrets have been a landmark for just over a hundred years.
> Tower of London
Built by William the Conqueror, the Tower of London has the Bloody Tower and Traitor’s Gate.
> Trafalgar Square
Trafalgar Square has Nelson’s Column, Admiralty Arch, and the world famous National Gallery.
> Westminster Abbey
Westminster Abbey, burial place to England’s kings and queens, spans 1,000 years of history.
> Westminster Cathedral
Westminster Cathedral is not as famous as the Abbey, but is worth a visit just for the high tower.