The Faraday Museum occupies two rooms in the basement of the old 18th-century Royal Institution building. They showcase the life’s work of Michael Faraday – discoverer of electro-magnetic induction and magnetic rotation.
Both of the rooms are the original ones in which he worked, and still house some of his famous experiments. The equipment on display includes his first electric generator, and magneto-spark apparatus.
The Royal Institution is the oldest independent research body in the world. It was founded in 1799 as a means of
diffusing he knowledge and facilitating the general introduction of useful mechanical inventions and improvements..
It was granted a royal charter by George III in 1800, and Humphrey Davy became its first professor two years later. Faraday was employed as his assistant in 1813, which enabled him to conduct the experiments which would lead to his breakthrough in 1831.
Other famous scientists to pass through their ranks include TH. Huxley and Lord Rutherford.